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"Service to others is the rent you pay for your room here on earth." -- Muhammad Ali, Boxer
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英語島Newsletter
天天閱讀英語島,在這裡感知世界,汲取英文的養分。
 
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如果你對某個專業領域有興趣,讀懂一封公開信能讓你進入到內行人的視角,抓住最新趨勢。

金融股市

Question: 如何看待全球市場波動?

必看公開信:巴菲特股東公開信 (2018.2.24)

前情提要:巴菲特是波克夏董事長暨CEO,他每年的致股東信,對投資人、管理人,都是珍貴的學習資料。

 

From: Warrant Buffet 股神巴菲特
To: Stockholder of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. 波克夏海瑟威股東

「只有瘋了才會為了不需要的事物,賭上你所擁有、需要的事物。」

 

“Our aversion to leverage has dampened our returns over the years. But Charlie and I sleep well. Both of us believe it is insane to risk what you have and need in order to obtain what you don’t need. We held this view 50 years ago when we each ran an investment partnership, funded by a few friends and relatives who trusted us. We also hold it today after a million or so “partners” have joined us at Berkshire.”

 

完整公開信 http://www.berkshirehathaway.com/letters/2017ltr.pdf

 


  

科技倫理

Question: 科技是否讓政府或企業成為「超級監視器」?

必看公開信:網路社群Mozilla執行董事的公開信 (2018.2.9)

前情提要:印度從2009開放民眾登陸生物辨識身分認證系統「Aadhaar」,包含基本資訊、虹膜、指紋…等等。最高法院才剛裁定「隱私權」為憲法保障,2018年初再傳資訊外流,只要500盧比(約台幣222)就能得到全國人民11.6億人的資訊,目前相關法律正在研議中。

 

 

From: Mitchell Baker, Executive Chairwoman 瀏覽器火狐執行董事
To: Justice Srikrishna 印度大法官及電子和資訊科技專家委員會

「資料保障是保護隱私基本人權的核心,強烈建議立法保護。」

 

“The design of Aadhaar fails to provide meaningful consent to users. This is seen, for example, by the ever increasing number of public and private services that are linked to Aadhaar without users being given a meaningful choice in the matter. This can and should be remedied by stronger consent, data minimization, collection limitation, and purpose limitation obligations.”

 

完整公開信 https://foundation.mozilla.org/campaigns/aadhaar/take-action/

 


 

跨國管理

Question: 如何在消費者意識高漲的時代經營跨國服務?

必看公開信:Amazon CEO貝佐斯的致股東公開信 (2018.04.18)

前情提要:從1997年起,Jeff Bezos每年堅持寫股東公開信,回顧一年發展、聚焦公司目標。

 

 

From: Jeff Bezos, Amazon Founder & CEO亞馬遜CEO
To: Shareholders

「在這時代,你不能因為得到一些捧場就沾沾自喜,消費者們不會買單」

 

“People have a voracious appetite for a better way, and yesterday’s ‘wow’ quickly becomes today’s ‘ordinary’… How do you stay ahead of ever-rising customer expectations? There’s no single way to do it – it’s a combination of many things. But high standards (widely deployed and at all levels of detail) are certainly a big part of it.”

 

完整公開信 
https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1018724/000119312518121161/d456916dex991.htm

 


 

AI應用

Question: 應該關注哪些AI領域的發展?

必看公開信:澳洲新南威爾斯大學教授Toby Walsh公開聯署信(2018.04.04)

前情提要:日前韓國MIT之稱的韓國科學技術院(KAIST)與韓國軍火商韓華集團簽訂合作,投入人工智慧用於國防的使用,57位AI教授呼籲學術界抵制。

 

 

From: Toby Walsh & other 57 Professors 威爾許教授跟全球56位教授
To: Korea Institute of Technology, KIT韓國科學技術院

「反對能自主做決策的AI武器,『殺手機器人』將引起第三次世界大戰。」

 

“If developed, autonomous weapons will be the third revolution in warfare. They will permit war to be fought faster and at a scale greater than ever before. They have the potential to be weapons of terror.”

 

完整公開信 https://www.cse.unsw.edu.au/~tw/ciair//kaist.html
(2015年超過1000位AI領域專家,包含物理學家霍金、DeepMind執行長Demis Hassabis也曾簽署過公開信,反對各國運用AI研究「自主武器」AI-based command and decision systems。)

 

 


本文收錄於英語島English Island 2018年5月號
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