Why are human beings impatient? Because "the human mind has a tendency to value the present more than the future," says David DeSteno, a professor at Northeastern University. We often blame a person's impatience on their emotional state, and we thought the way to (A) counteract this effect was by logic and willpower. However, DeSteno's new study found thatgratitude helps people become more patient.
In the study, the participants were asked to complete a task on a computer, and they would (B)encounter a frustrating situation where the computer broke down, and the experimenter would tell them that they had to start over from the beginning once the computer was fixed. Then an actor would come in to help them solve the technical problem so they could (1) pick up where they left off on their task. Most people were grateful for the help of the actor.
The researchers continued to measure their gratitude levels for the next three weeks and found that those who felt more gratitude during the task were more likely to feel gratitude throughout their week. After the three weeks, the participants were offered the choice of some cash immediately or a higher amount later on. Those who were more gracious were more willing to wait for more money (2) down the line.
The result of the study shows that gratitude enhances people's self control and ability to wait. The way to (C) cultivate gratitude is to not always focus on the bigger things in your life that you're thankful for, but to focus on smaller things, like a nice favor someone did for you. "By taking time to (3) count your blessings and focus on things that you are grateful for, you are enhancing your self control," DeSteno says.
1. Pick up where someone left off 從之前停止的地方再度開始
It's starting to rain so we will have to stop the game for now. We will pick up where we left off once it stops raining.
2. Down the line 未來，一段時間後
If we don't solve the problem now, we still have to face it down the line.
3. Count one's blessings 想想生命中的美好事物並感到感恩
Whenever I feel sad, I count my blessings and realize that I am very fortunate.