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The World in 2021...

終於告別混亂動盪的2020,新的一年也迎來Covid-19疫苗,除了疫情外,2021還有許多議題值得好好關注。延遲一年的東京奧運將如期舉行、美國或將重返氣候協定、英國脫歐後續發展以及後疫情時代造成的貧困問題……等,都將對國際局勢造成影響。

keyword

determined(adj.)決心的

vaccine(n.)疫苗 

pivotal(adj.)關鍵的

carbon-neutral(adj.)碳中和的

Post-Brexit(Brexit為British exit縮寫)英國脫離歐盟時代

poverty(n.)貧窮、貧困

The Japan Times

儘管疫情未歇,東京奧運將如期於2021七月舉行

The rescheduled Tokyo Olympics will be the centerpiece of a crammed sporting year in 2021, as leagues who had their calendars wiped away by the COVID-19 pandemic try to fill in the gaps even as a another wave hits. Despite the growing possibility of vaccines being available, Tokyo 2020 organizers and the Japanese government are struggling with increased costs and foreign visitors’ safeguards. Olympic organizers said the delayed Games will cost at least an extra $2.4 billion as the unprecedented peacetime postponement and a raft of pandemic health measures inflate a budget that was already over $13 billion. Tokyo 2020 officials are still determined to go ahead next year, even if the pandemic has not receded.

Bloomberg

美輝瑞夥伴—BioNTech,預計生產超過13億劑Covid-19疫苗

Pfizer Inc. partner BioNTech SE is pursuing all its options to make more Covid-19 vaccine doses currently 1.3 billion the companies had promised to produce in 2021 according to the German company’s chief executive officer. BioNTech is seeking more of the raw materials it needs for its mRNA vaccine, more labs and partners. The company also needs additional space to formulate the shots, put them into containers, and prepare them for shipping. Pfizer is producing vaccine at three sites in the U.S. and one in Europe, while BioNTech has two manufacturing sites in Germany.

Nature

美國或將重返《巴黎氣候協定》應對全球暖化

2021 looks set to be a pivotal year for the fight against climate change. US president-elect Joe Biden has made clear that he will move to restore the country’s leadership in that regard by rejoining the Paris climate agreement to fight global warming. The European Union and China have ambitious plans to become carbon neutral by 2050–60, and scientists are waiting to see whether Biden will set similar goals for the United States.

The Business Times

脫歐後,英國將是Little EnglandGlobal Britain

Whether “Global Britain" or “Little England” becomes the most powerful political narrative across the United Kingdom post-Brexit, it will help define UK politics in 2021 and beyond. Despite UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson's Global Britain ambitions, there is also political pressure especially given the country's strained finances post-pandemic. One other development that will help determine whether the UK becomes more inward rather than outward are the threats to its territorial integrity. On the foreign front, the wider UK would be damaged by Scottish independence. For instance, a UK Parliamentary Committee has warned that losing the Scottish tax base could lead to further budgetary cuts including cuts to the armed forces.  

The Economist

疫情後遺症,全球日生活費不足2美元人口將增加至1.5

In 2021, poverty will rise to levels unseen in a decade and governments are struggling to figure out now to respond. The World Bank predicts that the pandemic will increase the ranks of the extremely poor people who earn less than $1.9 a day by up to 150 million, and most of the newly destitute will be in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The UN says 240m-490m people in 70 countries will be pushed into “multidimensional poverty”, a measure that includes lacking basic shelter or having children go hungry.


本文收錄於英語島English Island 2021年1月號
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